Mozart: Violin Concerto No. 5 in A Major, K. 219 "Turkish"
Violin Concerto No. 5
in A Major, K. 219 · "The Turkish Concerto"
Performed by Linus Roth (Violin, Stradivari Dancla)
and the Wuerttemberg Chamber Orchestra
Conductor: Jörg Faerber
HD Recording · DDD · Duration: 28 Min. 7 Sec.
Digital Album · 3 Tracks
hen a renowned and internationally experienced orchestra such as the Wuerttemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn gives the stage to a young virtuoso like Linus Roth, a classical atmosphere is created where the suspense between the audience and artists reaches a boiling point and decisively influences the style of playing. Professor Jörg Faerber staged a concert with precisely all these factors, in which the orchestra offers probably the best fundament for a young virtuoso with its perfect playing. Faerber impressively sets the intensity of the performance in tantalising contrast to the soloists' sheer feeling for Mozart.
he Violin Concerto No. 5 in A major, K. 219, often referred to by the nickname "The Turkish", was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1775, premiering during the Christmas season that year in Salzburg. It follows the typical fast-slow-fast musical structure.
Mozart composed the majority of his concertos for string instruments from 1773 to 1779, but it is unknown for whom, or for what occasion, he wrote them. Similarly, the dating of these works is unclear. Analysis of the handwriting, papers and watermarks has proved that all five violin concertos were re-dated several times. The year of composition of the fifth concerto "1775" was scratched out and replaced by "1780", and later changed again to "1775". Mozart would not use the key of A major for a concerto again until the Piano Concerto No. 12 (K. 414). The autograph score is preserved in the Library of Congress, Washington D.C.
The movements are as follows:
I. Allegro aperto – Adagio – Allegro aperto
II. Adagio (E major)
III. Rondeau – Tempo di minuetto
The aperto marking on the first movement is rare in Mozart's instrumental music (two of his piano concerti, Piano Concerto No. 6 in B♭ Major and Piano Concerto No. 8 in C Major, have this marking, as does his Oboe Concerto in C Major), but appears much more frequently in his operas. It implies that the piece should be played in a broader, more majestic way than might be indicated simply by allegro. The first movement opens with the orchestra playing the main theme, a typical Mozartian tune. The solo violin comes in with a short but sweet dolce adagio passage in A major with a simple accompaniment by the orchestra. (This is the only instance in Mozart's concerto repertoire in which an adagio interlude of this sort occurs at the first soloist entry of the concerto.) It then transitions back to the main theme with the solo violin playing a different melody on top of the orchestra. The first movement is 10–11 minutes long.
The rondo Finale is based on a minuet theme which recurs several times. In the middle of the movement the meter changes from 3/4 to 2/4 and a section of "Turkish music" is played. This is characterised by the shift to A minor (from the original A major), and by the use of grotesque elements, such as unison chromatic crescendos, repetition of very short musical elements and col legno playing in the cellos and double basses. This section gave the concerto the nickname "The Turkish Concerto". The famous Rondo alla Turca from Mozart's piano sonata in A major features the same key and similar elements.
Mozart later composed the Adagio in E major for Violin and Orchestra, K. 261, as a substitute slow movement for this concerto.
The entire piece is about 28 minutes long.
orn in 1977 in Ravensburg, Linus Roth was accepted to Prof. Nicolas Chumachenco's class at the Freiburg Conservatory at the age of 12. He continued with his studies in 1993 under the wing of Zakhar Bron at the Luebeck conservatory, where he passed his artistic final exams in 1998/99. Roth is the recipient of numerous national and international violin competition awards such as the "Wieniawski-Lipinski Competition" held in Lublin, and the "International Violin Competition Novosibirsk" where he received an honourable award for the best Bach interpretation. In 2006 Linus Roth received the "Echo Classik" of the German Phonoacademy as "Best Newcomer". He plays a violin "Dancla" by Antonio Stradivari, built in the year 1703.
"His stylistic knowledge is highly developed
and his open, charismatic personality convinces me
every time I hear him."
(Prof. Anne-Sophie Mutter)
he Wuerttemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn (Württembergisches Kammerorchester Heilbronn) has been together since 1960. Performances range from Baroque works, classical (also in symphonic cast), string compositions of the Romanesque period and early modernity, as well as avant-garde works. The orchestra plays at all relevant concert halls around the globe on large tours or at individual concerts with soloists such as Anne-Sophie Mutter, Maurice André, Alfred Brendel, James Galway, Viktoria Mullova, Frank Peter Zimmermann, Thomas Quasthoff, Martha Argerich and Sharon Kam. In addition, the orchestra places special emphasis on co-operation with fresh young soloists.
örg Faerber, Head Conductor of the Wuerttemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn, was born in Stuttgart where he later received his degree in conducting at the state conservatory (Staatliche Hochschule für Musik). After an eight-year career as a theatre bandmaster and composer for opera and movie, he founded the Wuerttemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn in 1961, which, under his direction, grew to become one of Europe's leading chamber orchestras. He is regarded as one of the most renowned conductors of his time. In 1984 Jörg Faerber was awarded the German Federal Cross of Merit, and, in 1986, the academic title of Professor.
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