String Quartets · So rise up Sun and Stars...

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String Quartets by Haydn, Mozart & Beethoven
So rise up Sun and Stars...

Joseph Haydn (1732-1809):
String Quartet No. 63 in B Flat Major, Opus 76, No. 4
"Sunrise Quartet"

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791):
String Quartet No. 14 in G Major, K. 387
"Spring Quartet"

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827):
String Quartet No. 8 in E Minor, Opus 59, No. 2
"2nd Razumovsky Quartet"

performed by the Rubin Quartet

Irmgard Zavelberg (1st Violin), Jana Andraschke (2nd Violin),
Martina Horejsi (Viola) & Ulrike Zavelberg (Cello)

A concert recording from Bad Homburg Castle
in Germany, November 2014

HD Recording · DDD · c. 80 Minutes

Previews

Art Movie(s)

Work(s) & Performance

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astles and fortresses, kings and dukes: since the dawn of time and through the centuries they have inspired the imagination and our feeling of romance. In the beautiful baroque castle in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, this spirit is being brought to life in a unique way with the "Castle Concerts" series. What was made possible by the aristocrats and lords of the manor as patrons of art in times gone by - pieces of music with immortal value - is now being shared with audiences in our time thanks to generous sponsors. After all, there is no better place to capture the spirit of the music and feel its soul more deeply than in the historical atmosphere of those times where it was created and heard for the first time.
With three exceptional masterpieces by Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven, the Rubin Quartet is following this historical track. Haydn's string quartet cycle op. 76 came into being due to a common practice of the time, whereby princes, kings, merchants or high-ranking clerics would commission their subordinate court musicians to write pieces of music. Haydn received 100 ducats from Count Joseph Erdödy for the six quartets in 1797. More than two hundred years later they appear like the sum of his art within this genre that he influenced so greatly.
The "Sunrise Quartet" in B flat major is the fourth quartet of the work. The name was given retrospectively and is extremely apt: in the first movement, after a few attempts, the first violin leaps from faint sounds into a resonating B major fortissimo that emerges like the rising sun.
While Haydn was still composing for the nobility, Mozart's K 387 came about in a time of artistic reorientation and independence. Mozart had lived in Vienna, the city of great freedom, since 1781. He had exchanged the position of court musician at the Salzburg archbishopric for the life of a free musician. At Christmas time in 1782 he began a six-part quartet cycle, the first piece of which was K 387, inspired by Haydn's string quartet op. 33, which had appeared in the same year. Mozart showed his huge respect for the great master in the dedication: "To my dear friend Haydn."
More than 20 years later, Beethoven began writing to create a string quartet cycle of at least three parts. He was already living in Vienna after turning his back on the electoral court orchestra in Bonn in 1792. But there were still patrons at this time too. This is how op. 59 received its other name, the "Rasumovsky Quartets": the cycle was commissioned by the Russian diplomat and patron Andrey Rasumovsky. The Rubin Quartet plays the second string quartet from this cycle, whose slow movement Beethoven composed - according to his pupil Carl Czerny - as he "looked up to the starry sky and pondered the harmony of the spheres". This work played together with Haydn's quartet op. 76 no. 4 covers stages "from sunrise to starry skies".

Performer(s)
Rubin Quartet

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ver the years, the Rubin Quartet, founded in 1992 and named after the ruby, has gained a unique reputation among string quartets. Since its foundation, the quartet has been characterized by a very wide repertoire and vivid performances. In its first year, the Rubin Quartet won first prize at the Bubenreuth/Erlangen international string quartet competition, in 1997, the prize for best Mozart performance in Evian, and in 2000, first prize at the "R. Hartung Stiftung" international string quartet competition. The Rubin Quartet began performing at the Amsterdam Concertgebow in 1995. Since then, they have given regular performances there, with Ian Bostridge and Julius Drake among others. The quartet performs at Europe's leading concert venues and at a number of prestigious festivals, such as Luberon string quartet festival, Fréjus, Santander, Valladolid, Milan, Bremen Musikfest, Rheingau-Musikfestival, Schwetzinger Festspiele and the "Printemps des Arts de Monte-Carlo". In 1998, the quartet performed at the Dortmund "Streichquartett-Event". In 2000/2001 they were invited to perform at the Oslo Chamber Music Festival with the pianist Andrej Gavrilov. In 2002, the Rubin Quartet embarked on a long-term association with the Scène nationale in Poitiers, France. They performed Bela Bartók's six string quartets there in 2002/2003, building up from public rehearsals to master classes, performances and concerts. Composers such as Carola Bauckholt, Caspar Johannes Walter, Franz Olbrisch and Reinhard Febel regularly write works for the quartet, which premieres them at Festivals, such as the "Tage für zeitgenössische Kammermusik" in Witten, Wien Modern, the "Rheinisches Musikfest" and Musique-Action Vand'oeuvre-lès-Nancy. The Rubin Quartet's close association with composers such as Helmut Lachenmann, Györgi Kurtág, Silvia Fómina and Sofia Gubaïdulina has provided the quartet with tremendous artistic impetus, just as the encounter with Amadeus Quartet, Raphael Hillyer and Jörg Wolfgang Jahn.

Series & Edition

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ublishing Authentic Classical Concerts entails for us capturing and recording outstanding performances and concerts for posterity. The performers, audience, opus and room enter into an intimate dialogue that in its form and expression, its atmosphere, is unique and unrepeatable. It is our aim, the philosophy of our house, to enable the listener to acutely experience every facet of this symbiosis, the intensity of the performance, so we record the concerts in direct 2-Track Stereo digital HD. The results are unparalleled interpretations of musical and literary works, simply - audiophile snapshots of permanent value. Flourishing culture, enthralling the audience and last but not least also you the listener, are the values we endeavor to document in our editions and series.

Music that is new, pieces worth listening to and well worth conserving, little treasures from the traditional and the avantgarde - music that is unimaginable anywhere else but in the hotbed of Europe - we capture these in our Castle Concerts Series of recordings in their original settings in cooperation with Volker Northoff.

Andreas Otto Grimminger & Josef-Stefan Kindler, K&K Verlagsanstalt

Works, Movements & Tracklist

Joseph Haydn (1732-1809):
String Quartet No. 63 in B Flat Major, Op. 76, No. 4 "Sunrise Quartet"
01. Allegro con spirito
02. Adagio
03. Menuett. Allegro
04. Finale. Allegro ma non troppo

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791):
String Quartet No. 14 in G Major, K. 387 "Spring Quartet"
05. Allegro vivace assai
06. Menuetto. Allegro
07. Andante cantabile
08. Molto Allegro

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827):
String Quartet No. 8 in E Minor, Op. 59, No. 2 "2nd Razumovsky Quartet"
09. Allegro
10. Molto Adagio. Si tratta questo pezzo con molto di sentimento
11. Allegretto-Maggiore. Thème russe
12. Finale: Presto

A concert recording from Bad Homburg Castle (Germany), November 9th 2014, recorded, released & created by Andreas Otto Grimminger & Josef-Stefan Kindler in cooperation with Volker Northoff.

Sound & Recording Engineer: Andreas Otto Grimminger.
Mastering: Andreas Otto Grimminger & Josef-Stefan Kindler.
Photography: Josef-Stefan Kindler.
Artwork & Coverdesign: Josef-Stefan Kindler.

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